4 Basic Steps to Help You Write a Synthesis Essay


A synthesis essay is a type of essay that takes different ideas and information from various sources into one logical whole. When you are writing a synthesis essay, you have to able to comprehend all of the information that is presented and then demonstrate that comprehension to the reader in an organized way. While this particular skill is typically developed in high school and college, it also translates into the business and advertising world.

There are four basic steps to writing a synthesis essay: examine your topic, outline your essay, write your essay, and finalize your essay.

  1. In examining your topic, you must first of all understand the concept of a synthesis essay, which is to make connections between parts of a certain work or several works with the ultimate goal to present and support a claim regarding a topic. Next, you will choose your topic and then choose and study the appropriate sources for your topic. Finally, develop your thesis statement and re-read your sources in order to find supporting information for your thesis.

  2. Secondly, you will outline your essay. This means that you will outline the structure of your thesis. Here is where you will also creatively express the supporting information for your thesis using examples, the “straw man” technique (show flaws of counter argument), concessions (acknowledge validity of counter argument), comparing and contrasting, and other ways. Finally, you will create an appropriate outline for your review or background synthesis essay.

  3. Third, you will write your essay. Following your outline that you created in step two, write the first draft of your essay. Write your essay in the third person, not the first. Use appropriate transitions to ensure that your text flows logically.

  4. The fourth and final step to writing a synthesis essay is to finalize it. You will take some time to revise your essay, ensuring that you have strong arguments and smooth transitions. Consider having someone else review it for you and see what they think. Thoroughly proofread your paper, making sure that you don’t have any grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors. Using the citation method assigned, make sure that you cite your sources. Lastly, you will title your synthesis essay. The title should reflect the point of view in your thesis and supporting information. Choosing your title after you wrote it makes it much easier to create a fitting title instead of trying to write to a certain title.


Structured Content and Logic Presentation

Each of essay sections should be well defined and written clearly. This means you should know what details to include while minimizing the amount needed. You may need to rewrite each section more than once before settling on your final copy. You should also remember to proofread, edit, and revise as these elements help make your structure more solid. Think about your details in how you want readers to view it from your perspective.


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