The Different Types of Cyber Crimes

Internet is growing today but many people have become victims of hacking, theft, cyber stalking, Child soliciting etc. which are various types of cyber crimes. Cyber crime is committed over the internet. Lawmakers, law enforcement, and individuals need to know how to protect themselves and the people for which they are responsible. The following are different types of Cybercrimes.

  1. Hacking
  2. This type of crime is done when a person’s computer broken into by an unauthorized users. So, the personal and sensitive information is stolen by the unauthorized person. The criminal uses a variety of software to hack a person’s computer irrespective its location.

  3. Theft
  4. When a person downloads music, movie, video, eBook, games and various software(software piracy) by violating copyrights –this is one of the cyber crime.

  5. Electronic Fund Transfer Crime
  6. In this crime, a criminal accesses information about a person’s bank account, credit cards, social security, debit card and other sensitive information which results in major financial losses of the person and even spoils the person’s credit history. This crime happened for cash transactions of e-marketing and other banking services.

  7. Malicious software
  8. This internet-based software or programs used to disrupt a network. This software not only steals sensitive information/data but causing damage to another software present in the system.

  9. Cyber Stalking-
  10. This is a kind of online harassment where crime used to send various illegal online messages or emails. So, the targeted persons’ lives are more miserable.

  11. Child soliciting and abuse-
  12. In this crime, criminals solicit minors via chat room for the purpose of child pornography.

  13. Electronic vandalism, terrorism and extortion-
  14. A number of individual and protest groups have hacked the official web pages of various governmental and commercial organizations even the defense information of a country.

  15. Telemarketing Fraud
  16. Cyberspace now abounds with a variety of investment opportunities such as stocks, bonds, sale of items, online lotteries etc.

  17. Denial-of-service Attack-
  18. Denial-of-service referred the act by which a user of any website or service denied to the use of service of the website. So, crimes target the web server of the website and flow a large number of requests to that server. This causes use of maximum bandwidth of the website and the targeted website goes slow down or not available for some time.

  19. Data Diddling-
  20. It is an unauthorized alteration of data. This is done by virus programs that change the system’s data which is entered by the user.

  21. Spamming and Email Bombing-

Spam (junk mail) is a message sends by the criminal with a web link or some business proposal. Clicking in this link results to install a malware into our system or redirect to a phishing website.

Email Bombing is a technique where criminal sends a huge number of emails to target address. So, the target email address or mail server crashed.

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